There are two main types of birthmarks: pigmented birthmarks and vascular birthmarks.
Pigment is a fancy word for color. These types of birthmarks happen when you have more pigment in one part of your skin. It’s like a spot on your skin. The types of pigmented birthmarks are:
Moles, Cafe-au-lait spot, Mongolian spots
Your heart and blood vessels — the little highways that move blood through your body — are your vascular system. Sometimes a bunch of extra blood vessels will clump together, and you can see this clump in your skin. This is called a vascular birthmark. More than one in 10 babies has this type of birthmark. The different kinds are:
Salmon patches, Hemangiomas, Port wine stains